The smile can be defined as a facial expression with which multiple emotions can be expressed through the movements of the lips and with the included teeth. Dental aesthetics was recognized as a specialty in the eighteenth century where civilizations sought beauty also in this part of the face. This dental specialty is based on different techniques and principles to achieve a pleasant, natural and very integrated smile to the characteristics of each patient.
The main objective of dental aesthetics is to improve this aesthetic area of the mouth, the smile, maintaining the naturalness of the teeth and its harmonic beauty, also respecting the aesthetics and anatomy of the teeth, making a very natural and beautiful smile. One of the most frequent reasons for consultation is the improvement of the aesthetic area of the face, the smile. This part can influence the daily life of people causing insecurities, social limitations and having great importance to express any type of emotion. Through technological advances and improvements in dental procedures there are multiple treatment options to improve the smile. Thanks to these advances, the smile can be digitally designed for each individual patient.
WHAT IS SMILE DESIGN?
The digital smile design (in English) or smile design is a dental procedure with which through a computer program specialized in dental aesthetics, the patient can observe before starting the aesthetic treatment the result that will be obtained when it is finished.
The main objective of this procedure is to be able to properly analyze the characteristics of the patient, whether facial or in particular the dental area, and analyze all the parameters to obtain a personalized design for each particular case. In this way give harmony and stability to the stomatognathic system and the patient can see and comment before starting with the dental aesthetic treatment. Thus establishing a treatment approach obtaining a better aesthetic result.
Thus, through this tool, the aesthetic specialist can explain and show the design with images so that the patient can set expectations of how the smile itself will be and be able to have a guarantee of the results that can be obtained, make the modifications they want get your own design in advance and have an accurate smile design. In order to perform it, a perfect integration of the dental and facial composition of each patient is essential, including the relationship of the teeth with the soft tissues and the facial part to analyze the parameters and establish an adequate design.
HOW IS THE SMILE DESIGN DONE?
To be able to make the design of smiles, photographic records must be taken, both intraoral and extraoral, as well as a model of the oral cavity (by means of an intraoral scan or the taking of models with special pastes). With these obtained models you can analyze the position, size and shape of the teeth.
The smile design is done by the specialist in dental aesthetics thanks to a computer program. With this program you can properly analyze the characteristics that the patient has both in the dental and face sector to be able, with these parameters, to design a personalized smile. In order to properly analyze and design the smile it is essential to analyze all the components:
- Dental the elements analyzed are the dimensions of the teeth, the shape, their position, the midline of the teeth and their symmetry.
- Soft tissues, such as gum, gingival health and the presence or absence of interdental papillary.
- Facials Also other parameters such as the patient’s age and personality.